Localities

 


This is a work in progress. Please note that I live in Australia and have relied on various sources, some of which are old and may be incorrect. Many parts of this page is still under construction.

This gives a guide to the various Minor Localities around the Fens, It ranges from Parishes, Market Towns, Towns, Villages, Hamlets or even smaller localites. It is still under construction.
 
PlaceParishCounty
AshwickenVillageAshwicken-Leziate8NFK
Ashwicken-Leziate  Parish8NFK
Bawsey Village Parish8NFK
Bedlam FenUpwell or WelneyCAM
BegdaleElmCAM
Benny HillHolbeachLIN
BenwickVillage&PDoddington2CAM
Binnimore FenUpwellCAM
Black Bush DroveWhittleseyCAM
Buke Horn DroveThorneyCAM
Central Wingland ex Parish7NFK
ChatterisVillage Parish2CAM
ChristchurchUpwellCAM
Clenchwarton Village Parish7NFK
CoatesWhittleseyCAM
ColdhamElm (formed out of Friday Bridge)CAM
Crabbs Abbey FenWiggenhall St. Mary MagdalenNFK
Cross Keys (see Walpole Cross Keys)
Denver Village Parish6NFK
Doddington Village Parish2CAM
Downham MarketMarket Town Parish6NFK
Dykemoor FenDoddingtonCAM
EastreaWhittleseyCAM
Eau BrinkWiggenhall St. Mary the VirginNFK
EldernellWhittleseyCAM
Elm Village Parish1CAM
Ely Town Parish4CAM
Emneth Village Parish7NFK
Emneth HungateEmnethNFK
Exmoor (Euximoor) FenUpwellCAM
Fitton EndLeverington & NewtonCAM
Fleet Village Parish10LIN
Fleet HardgateFleetLIN
Foul AnchorTydd St. GilesCAM
French DroveThorneyCAM
Friday BridgeVillageChapelry of Elm CAM
GaultreeEmnethNFK
GaywoodVillage Parish8NFK
Gedney Village Parish10LIN
Gedney BroadgateGedneyLIN
Gedney Drove EndGedneyLIN
Gedney Hill Village Parish10LIN
Gedney MarshGedneyLIN
Glass MoorWhittleseyCAM
GorefieldLeveringtonCAM
Gorefield GreenLeveringtonCAM
GuyhirnWisbech St. PeterCAM
Guyhirn with RingsendWisbech St. PeterCAM
HardwickMintlyn ?NFK
HilgayVillage Parish6NFK
Hilgay Sedge FenHilgayNFK
Holbeach Village Parish10LIN
Holbeach CloughHolbeachLIN
Holbeach DroveHolbeachLIN
Holbeach St. JohnsHolbeachLIN
Horse MoorMarchCAM
IngleboroughWest WaltonNFK
Islington (see Tilney-cum-Islington)
King's Lynn (Lynn Regis)Town NFK
Laddus FenUpwellCAM
Lake's EndUpwellNFK
Leverington Village Parish1CAM
LeziateVillageAshwicken-Leziate8NFK
LittleportVillage Parish2CAM
Long Sutton (Sutton St. Mary) Village Parish10LIN
Lutton (see Sutton St. Nicholas) 
Lynn (see King's Lynn)
Lynn Regis (see King's Lynn)
Lynn St. Nicholas  Parish9NFK
Lynn St. Margaret  Parish9NFK
ManeaV&P(formerly part of Coveney)3CAM
March (see also March, Old & Marsh, New)2CAM
March, New (New March)Town Parish2CAM
March, Old (Old March)Town Parish2CAM
March, St Wendreda (Old March)  Parish2CAM
March, St JohnsPMarch2CAM
March, St MaryPMarch2CAM
March, St PeterPMarch2CAM
Marshland FenMarshland St. JamesNFK
Marshland St. James ex Parish7NFK
Medeshampstead (see Peterborough)      
MiddletonVillage Parish8NFK
Mintlyn Village Parish8NFK
Morris FenThorneyCAM
Moulton Village Parish11LIN
MurrowWisbech St. Mary & Parson DroveCAM
New WalsokenWisbech St. PeterCAM
New WorldDoddingtonCAM
Newton Village Parish1CAM
NordelphUpwellNFK
NormoorDoddingtonCAM
North FenWhittleseyCAM
North Lynn Village Parish7NFK
North Runcton Village Parish8NFK
Norwood CommonMarchCAM
Outwell Village Parish5CAM&NFK
Parson DroveH & PLeverington1CAM
Parson Drove FenParson DroveCAM
Peterborough Town Parish NTH
Primrose HallDoddingtonCAM
Priors FenWhittleseyCAM
Ranson MoorDoddington & MarchCAM
Riston-cum-Roxham  Parish6NFK
RoxhamVillageRiston-cum-RoxhamNFK
Runcton Holme Village Parish6NFK
SaddlebowWiggenhall St. Mary the VirginNFK
St. John's Fen EndTerrington St. JohnNFK
St. John's HighwayTerrington St. JohnNFK
SetcheyWest WinchNFK
South DistrictUpwellNFK
South Lynn Village Parish9NFK
South RunctonVillage Parish6NFK
Southea-with MurrowWisbech St. Mary & Parson DroveCAM
StoneaDoddington ?CAM
Stow Bardolph Village Parish6NFK
Susan's GreenUpwellCAM
Sutton BridgeLong SuttonLIN
Sutton Cross EndLong SuttonLIN
Sutton FensSutton St. EdmundLIN
Sutton MarshLong SuttonLIN
Sutton St. Edmund Village Parish10LIN
Sutton St. James Village Parish10LIN
Sutton St. Mary (see Long Sutton)LIN
Sutton St. Nicholas (Lutton) Village Parish10LIN
Terrington St. Clement Village Parish7NFK
Terrington St. John Village Parish7NFK
The GoresThorneyCAM
The Hungate (see Emneth Hungate)   
Tholomas DroveWisbech St. MaryCAM
Thorney Village Parish1CAM
Thorney TollWisbech St. MaryCAM
Three HolesUpwellNFK
Three Horse ShoesWhittleseyCAM
Three Horse Shoe FerryWisbech St. PeterCAM
Tilney All Saints Village Parish7NFK
Tilney-cum-Islington Village Parish7NFK
Tilney Fen SideTilney St. Lawrence NFK
Tilney St. Lawrence Village Parish7NFK
Tip's EndUpwellCAM
Tottenhill Village Parish6NFK
Town EndMarchCAM
Tydd GoteTydd St. Mary & Tydd St. GilesLIN&CAM
Tydd St. Giles Village Parish1CAM
Tydd St. Giles FenTydd St. GilesCAM
Tydd St. Mary Village Parish10LIN
Upwell Village Parish5CAM&NFK
Upwell FenUpwellNFK
WalderseaWisbech St. PeterCAM
Wallington-cum-Thorpland Village Parish6NFK
Walpole Cross KeysWalpole St. AndrewNFK
Walpole Fen EndWalpole St. PeterNFK
Walpole HighwayWalpole St. PeterNFK
Walpole St. Andrew Village Parish7NFK
Walpole St. Peter Village Parish7NFK
Walsoken Village Parish7NFK
Walton HighwayWest WaltonNFK
Watlington Village Parish6NFK
Welney Village Parish5CAM&NFK
West FenMarchCAM
West Lynn Village Parish7NFK
West MoorDoddington & ChatterisCAM
West Moor FenWelneyCAM
West Walton Village Parish7NFK
West Walton Fen EndWest WaltonNFK
West WinchVillage Parish8NFK
Weston Village Parish11LIN
Whaplode Village Parish10LIN
Whaplode Drove Village Parish10LIN
WhimblingtonDoddingtonCAM
Whimblington FenDoddingtonCAM
WhittleseyMarket TownCAM
Whittlesey St. Andrew  Parish2CAM
Whittlesey St. Mary  Parish2CAM
Wiggenhall St. German Village Parish7NFK
Wiggenhall St. Mary Magdalen Village Parish7NFK
Wiggenhall St. Mary the Virgin Village Parish7NFK
Wiggenhall St. Peter Village Parish7NFK
Wimbostsham Village Parish6NFK
WisbechMarket Town CAM
Wisbech High FenWisbech St. MaryCAM
Wisbech St. Augustine  ParishCAM
Wisbech St. Mary  Parish1CAM
Wisbech St. Peter  Parish1CAM
Wryde CroftThorneyCAM

This part is still under construction, needing hyperlinks.
 
PlaceDescription
Bedford Level, TheDrainage Area
Bevills River or Twenty Foot River Drain
Bourne FenMajor Fen
Brandon River (see Little Ouse)
Deeping Fen (Welland Fen)Major Fen
East FenMajor Fen
Eau Brink Cut (see Lynn Cut)
Fens, TheThe Fens, Marshes & Islands (Isles) as a whole
Forty Foot Drain (Vermudens Drain) Drain
Great Ouse or River Ouse 
HollandThe southern of three Divisions dividing Lincolnshire
Holland FenMajor Fen
Hundred Foot Drain (see New Bedford River)
Island of ChatterisOriginal high ground of the Fens
Island of CoveneyOriginal high ground of the Fens
Island of CrowlandOriginal high ground of the Fens
Island of EldernellOriginal high ground of the Fens
Island of ElyOriginal high ground of the Fens
Island of GuyhirnOriginal high ground of the Fens
Island of HilgayOriginal high ground of the Fens
Island of Leverington ?Original high ground of the Fens
Island of LittleportOriginal high ground of the Fens
Island of ManeaOriginal high ground of the Fens
Island of MarchOriginal high ground of the Fens
Island of StoneaOriginal high ground of the Fens
Island of ThorneyOriginal high ground of the Fens
Island of WhittleseyOriginal high ground of the Fens
Isle of Ely, TheThe northern part of Cambridgeshire from the Great Ouse
Little Ouse (Brandon River) River
Lynn Cut (Eau Brink Cut)  
Middle LevelThe middle part of the Bedford Level (see above)
Middle Level (Main) DrainDrain
Mortons Leam Drain
Nar River (Setchey River)  
Nene River (see River Nene)
New Bedford River (Hundred Foot Drain) Drain
New Leam (see New River Nene) 
New River Nene (New Leam) 
New River Ouse 
North LevelThe upper part of the Bedford Level (see above)
North Level (Main) DrainDrain
Old Croft River (Old Welney River) 
Old River Nene 
Old River Ouse or Old West River 
Old South Holland Drain 
Old Welney River (see Old Croft River)
Old West River or Old River Ouse 
Old West Water 
Ouse River (see River Ouse) 
River Nene 
River Ouse or Great Ouse 
Setchey River (see Nar River)
South LevelThe lower part of the Bedford Level (see above)
Vermudens Drain (see Forty Foot Drain)
Welland Fen (see Deeping Fen)
West FenMajor Fen
Whaplode FenMajor Fen
Wildmore FenMajor Fen
South HollandThe lower part of Holland (see above)

Lincolnshire:

  • Island of Crowland
    With the villages of Old March, New March and Doddington.

Cambridgeshire:

  • Island of Thorney
    With the village of Thorney.
  • Island of Leverington ?
    With the village of Leverington.
  • Island of Guyhirn
    With the village of Guyhirn.
  • Island of Whittlesey
    With the town of Whittlesey and the village of Coates
  • Island of Eldernell
    With the village of Eldernell
  • Island of March
    With the towns of Old March, and New March, and the village of Doddington.
  • Island of Stonea
    With the village of Stonea.
  • Island of Manea
    With the village of Manea.
  • Island of Chatteris
    With the town of Chatteris.
  • Island of Coveney
    With the village of Coveney.
  • Island of Ely
    With the town of Ely and the villages of Sutton, Haddenham and Aldreth.
  • Island of Littleport
    With the villages of Old March, New March and Doddington.

Norfolk:

  • Island of Hilgay
    With the villages of Old March, New March and Doddington.

 


Lincolnshire:

  • Holland Fen
    Drained in 1767.
  • Wildmore Fen
    Drained in 1801-1807 by John Rennie.
  • West Fen
    Drained in 1801-1807 by John Rennie.
  • East Fen
    Drained in 1801-1807 by John Rennie.
  • Bourne Fen
    Drained in 1767.
  • Deeping Fen (Welland Fen)
    Drained in 1794, 1801, 1824, 1837 and other years.
  • Whaplode Fen
    Drained in 1767.

Cambridgeshire:

  • Still Under Contruction
    Still under construction..

Norfolk:

  • Still Under Contruction
    Still under construction..

The Fens:

The Fens derives it name from . The area encompass the south eastern portion of Lincolnshire, the northern part of Cambridgeshire, the south western portion of Norfolk, the north eastern corner of Suffolk, the north western part of Huntingdonshire, and the north eastern tip of Northamptonshire. The total area covering 680,000 acres. At one stage in it's history the major area now consisting of the Fens were once timber forest and at some stage in later it became largely marches, but with islands or high ground.

The Bedford Level:

The Bedford Level derives it name from five successive Earls of Bedford. The Bedford Level encompass the south eastern portion of Lincolnshire, the northern part of Cambridgeshire (including the whole of the Isle of Ely), the south western portion of Norfolk (63,000 acres), the north eastern corner of Suffolk (30,000 acres), the north western part of Huntingdonshire (57,000 acres), and the north eastern tip of Northamptonshire (8,000 acres). The total area covering 450,000 acres.
Please see the Drainage of the Fens page on this site for more details.

Isle of Ely:

The Isle of Ely derives it name from the major Islet in the Fens where Ely now stands. Until 1857 it was practically a separate county from Cambridgeshire being called the Liberty of the Isle of Ely, with it's own court of quarter sessions, commission of the peace and it's own county rate. It is divided from Cambridgeshire proper by the Old River Ouse. The isle of Ely was the last area in England captured by William the Conqurer, which was the last stand of Hereward the Wake.


 
PlaceCounty
1Wisbech HundredCAM
2North Witchford HundredCAM
3South Witchford HundredCAM
4Ely HundredCAM
5Wisbech & Clackclose HundredCAM & NFK
6Clackclose HundredNFK
7Freebridge Marshland HundredNFK
8Freebridge Lynn HundredNFK
9King's Lynn BoroughNFK
10East Elloe DeaneryLIN
11West Elloe DeaneryLIN

 


The four major waterways of the Fens are the Wetham River, Welland River, River Nene, River Ouse (Great Ouse) and the Little Ouse. The River Nene and River Ouse drained the lower portion of the Fens. They originally joined together south of Upwell becoming the Well Stream, which made it's way north to Wisbech, at which point it flowed into the Wash. With the reclamation of the Fens over the last 700 years due to various drainage schemes, the major part of the water from the Fens have been diverted to flow into the Wash north of King's Lynn via the new outflow of the River Ouse via Lynn Cut.

The River Nene:

The River Nene which is 100 miles long and drains 1005 square miles, begins west of Weedon Bec in Northamptonshire and flow through Northampton, connecting at this point to the Great Union Canal. From Northampton, it makes it way north, then east flowing south of Peterborough. This present day as a result of the draining of the Fens, it makes a direct route from Peterborough to Guyhirn, then to Wisbech then north into The Wash. Before the Fens were drained, the River Nene from Peterborough, flowed into the Fens or marshes after passing through Car Dyke which was built by the Romans and forms the western border or limits of the Fens. One flowing into the Fens, the River Nene flowed south, west of the Isle of Whittlesey into Whittlesey Mere, then south to Car Dyke across from Ramsey, then north into Ramsey Mere, the east into Benwick Mere. From here it The River Nene flowed north, east of the Isle of Whittlesey, then east between the Islets where March stands (at this point the Roman Causeway crosses it), then further east to just south of Upwell. At this point it joined the (Old) River Ouse. The joint River Nene and River Ouse, became the Wells Stream (see above).

  • Old South Holland Drain
    Joins the New River Nene at Sutton Bridge.
  • North Level Drain or North Level Main Drain
    ?
  • New River Nene or New Leam
    This was cut in ?. It runs from Peterborough straight to the south of Guyhirn, then onto Wisbech.
  • Mortons Leam
    This was cut in 1480 by the Bishop Morton, the Abbot of Ely. It runs from Peterborough almost straight to the south of the Isle of Guyhirn, then onto Wisbech.
  • Whittlesey Dyke
    A dyke cut from the Old River Nene by appsing  Whittlesey marere and ramsey meres from Huntingdonshire to the Wash (Northeast)
  • Bevills River - Twenty Foot River
    A drain that runs from Whittlesey Mere to Guyhirn
  • Old River Nene
    Flows from Huntingdonshire to the Wash (Northeast)
    Flows from Huntingdonshire to the Wash (Northeast)
  • Forty Foot Drain or Vermudens Drain
    A drain that runs from near Ramsey Mere to the Old Bedford River near Manea.
  • Sixteen Foot Drain or Sixteen Foot River
    A drain that runs from the the Forty Foot Drain north of Chatteris to almost the Old Croft River. At this point it become the Middle Level Drain (see below).
  • Wisbech Canal (or Wisbech river ?)
    A modern day cut that flows from Outwell to the Wash.
  • Wisbech Channel
    A modern day cut flowing from Sutton Bridge int the Wash.

The River Ouse (The Great Ouse)

The River Ouse which is 140 miles long and drains 2605 square miles, begins near Brackley in Northamptonshire and flow east into Buckinghamshire flowing through Buckingham. It flow north east flowing past Stony Stratford, then flow east to Wolverton (at this point its cross by the Grand Union canal). The River Ouse flow further east to Newport Pagnell from where it starts to flow north to reach Onley, from here it flows east, then north (forming part of the border between Buckinghamshire and Bedfordshire), then east, the south and then east again before reaching Bedford. From here the River Ouse flows north east to St. Neots, in Huntingdonshire, then onto Huntingdon, then turn east flowing via St. Ives and then Fen Stanton at which point it enters the Fens. The river Ouse then turns north forming part of the border between Huntingdonshire and Cambridgeshire until reaching Earith. From here the River flow to the east gradually turning to the north before flowing past Ely an then further north to past to the east of Littleport where it is met by the Lark River. This present day as a result of a cut of 2 miles made from where it is met by the Lark River to the Little Ouse sometime from 1215 to 1270, it makes its way north to Denver then flowing to the west of Downham Market before flowing further north to Lynn, then into The Wash. Before the Fens were drained, the River Ouse from the east of Littleport flowed north west until just south of Upwell. At this point it joined the (Old) River Nene. The joint River Ouse and River Nene, became the Wells Stream (see above). The River Ouse divided Middle Anglia from East Anglia during the Anglo-Saxon era.

  • Old West Water
    A former branch of the River Ouse that ran north from Earith forming part of the border between Hutingdonshire and Cambridgeshire before entering Benwich mere, and from there into the Old River Nene.
  • Middle Level Drain or Middle Level Main Drain
    A drain that runs from the Old Croft River river to the New River Ouse near north of Wiggenhall St. Mary the Virgin. Prior to the Old Croft River it is the Sixteen Foot Drain (see above).
  • Old Bedford River
    A drain that runs from the Old River Ouse, north from Earith to the New River Ouse west of Denver.
  • New Bedford River (Hundred Foot Drain)
    A drain that runs from the Old River Ouse, north from Earith to the New River Ouse west of Denver.
  • Old River Ouse or Old West River
    The old portion of the River Ouse that flows east from Earith, then flow north via Ely before it flows to the point where it separates east of Littleport. One branch being renamed the Old croft river (see below) and the other branch being the cut (New River Ouse) that flows to the Little Ouse.
  • Lark River
    Joins the river Old River Ouse east of Littleport.
  • Old Croft River, Old Welney River or Well Creek
    Originally the course of the River Ouse before a cut was made between 1215 to 1270 to connect the River Ouse to the Little Ouse. This present day it flows from where it departs the New River Ouse east of Littleport north west across the the New Bedford River and Old Bedford River to run though Welney, then north until south of Upwell it joins the Old river Nene. It forms part of the border between Cambridgeshire and Norfolk.
  • New River Ouse
    The modern course of the River Ouse. It begins at the point  from where a cut was made in 1215 to 1270 from the Old River Ouse east of Littleport to the Little Ouse, then north flowing via Wiggenhall St. Mary Magdalen. At this point it is also called Lynn Cut or Eau Brink Cut from where it leaves the old course of the Old River Ouse which use to flow just east of Tilney-cum-Islington before sweeping east toward Lynn, south of Clenchwardon.
  • Lynn Cut or Eau Brink Cut
    From Wiggenhall St. Mary Magdalen the New River Ouse follows a modern cut called Lynn Cut that flows almost directly north to pass to the west of Lynn before making it's way to the Wash.

Little Ouse (Brandon River):

The River that originally was the river that had it's outfall at Lynn. In part, it formed the border between Norfolk and Suffolk. Originally it flowed from Brandon east, then north flowing to the west of Southery and further north to the west of Downham Market, then further north flowing pass Wiggenhall St. Mary Magdalen and then past King's Lynn to flow into the Wash. As a result of a cut of 2 miles made sometime from 1215 to 1270, the Little Ouse now joins the Old River Ouse where the Little Ouse began to flow north south of Southery.

  • Wissey River
    Flows from Bradenham in Norfolk west, then south, then west, north of Mundford, then further west, south of Stoke Ferry, then further west, north of Hilgay before joining the Little Ouse, or what is now refered to as the River Ouse.
  • Nar River or Setchey River
    Flows west via Castle Acre, then further west via Narborough, then further west, south of Setchey at this point it flows north to Lynn, at which point it joins the Old Little Ouse or present day .

  • Highways and Byways in Cambridge and Ely - By the Rev. Edward Conybeare, Illustrated by Frederick L. Griggs, Published by Macmillan and Co. Ltd., London, 1923. (originally published 1910)
     
  • The Encyclopeadia Britannica - Published by Adam and Charles Black, Edinburgh, 1875. (Ninth Edition) and 1887 (Tenth Edition)
     
  • Jim Shead's Waterways Information

 

This page was last updated - Thursday, 14 December 2006

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